NEW BLOODMOBILE IN CHINA SERVING
THE SOUTHERN REGIONS
A new Bloodmobile fleet comes to the rescue of
those concerned about the safety of the Blood supply in a city of
millions of people in China who are organizing voluntary Blood
donations. Although the Chinese Blood Donation Law banning paid
donations is still in effect, Most cities remain partially dependent
upon paid Blood donations. Xi'an has seven Blood collection centers and
one Bloodmobile. The organization of voluntary Blood donations by
workers of many Xi'an government and private organizations has greatly
reduced Xi'an's dependence on paid Blood donations. Restoring the purity
of the local Blood supply is important in China.
Recent Chinese epidemiological articles and press
reports (reftels) have discussed the role of contaminated blood supplies
in spreading HIV in rural China. More HIV is spread among needle sharing
drug addicts and by sexual transmission in China than through the blood
supply however. In the provinces sexual transmission is the most
important transmission mode. Estimates of the total number of
HIV-infected people in China are very uncertain. Some Chinese
epidemiologists believe that as many as four million Chinese may already
be infected with HIV.
Visit to the Bloodmobile
A visit to the Bloodmobile which services about
200 people per day can give blood at the Bloodmobile. The donor fills
out a form, has a brief medical check-up, and a blood test for typing
and for the presence of hepatitis B antibodies. The entire process from
filling out the form to completing the blood donation takes about twenty
minutes. Donors give 200 milliliters of blood. Disposable needles are
used to eliminate the possibility that disease might be passed from one
blood donor to another. Several young people stopped by the bloodmobile
were asked to give blood.
Implementing the China Blood Donation Law
All residents between the ages of 18 and 55 are
encouraged to give blood. Districts and counties and all lower levels of
government down to the street committee level are to work to meet the
annual blood donation quota set by the City health departments. All
government and social organizations must work together with government
officials to organize blood donations in order to fulfill the blood
Healthy residents should give blood at least once
every four years. University and vocational school students should give
blood once. Blood donations should be between 200 - 400 milliliters. No
one should donate blood more than twice during a six month period. A
400-milliliter donation counts as two donations.
Blood donors who need blood can get three times as
much blood as they donated within the previous four years free of
Penalties for violators: Anyone who gives a false
identity when giving blood shall be fined 1000 RMB (USD 125) and a
warning from the Health Department. Hospitals that give people
contaminated blood must pay civil penalties to the patient and are
subject to punishment from the county or district health department.
Responsible persons in organization that give contaminated blood to
patients are subject to administrative and criminal penalties.
There are questions when you are pregnant about cord blood, cord
blood bank, cordblood, the cord blood registry and umbilical cord blood
storage. Pregnancy, a new baby, child birth, birth, maternity, baby
gift, stem cell and fetus are new words to a new mother. Newborn babies,
transplant, expecting, expectant, fetal development, mother, obstetric
and advise from your obstetrician to parents. Cord Blood Banking is very
important. We suggest that you learn more about saving your baby's Cord
Blood after a pregnancy and maternity, look into umbilical cord blood
storage. This is a must for expectant parents before childbirth while
planning your birthing plan options and parenting. Biomedical and Blood
stem cell banking decisions must be made.
Free Cord Blood testing and Free Cord
Farmers make a living by selling their Blood and
Blood plasma in poverty-stricken provinces. In some regions of these
provinces, 80 per cent of villagers sell their Blood very often. These
Blood donors are known as "Blood heads."
Unlike the blood heads in the big cities, Blood
heads among the peasants were farmers themselves and did not make much
money. For 400 ml of Blood they received 150 yuan (US$18) of which
that Blood head made 15 yuan (US$1.80). Hundreds of Henan farmers took
buses to neighbouring Anhui Province to donate plasma with some making
as many as 13 donations a month. Needle-marks covered their arms.
In 2001, 59 out of the 220 Blood plasma
collection stations around China were permanently closed. However, on
the border of Anhui and Henan provinces, some Blood collection
stations were still engaged in the illegal Blood "trade."
The country's Blood Donation Laws stipulate that
Blood donations must be voluntary but payment can be made for Blood
plasma because of its commercial uses.